Levanna Doing Exercise, painting by Maria Primachenko
The Vestibular Ocular Reflex (VOR) is the mechanism that allows a person to keep their eyes on a fixed target while their head is moving, for instance when you are looking at your friend and nodding your head “yes” or “no”. The reason we are able to do this is because our inner ear system acts like little gyroscopes that tells our brain when our head is in motion. Your brain then takes that information, and tells the eye muscles what to do to keep your eyes on the target.
The VOR exercise is especially important when a person has had damage to their inner ear system. The brain, which was used to getting normal inner ear information previously, will have to relearn how to use the information that has lessened due to illness or injury.
I’ll give you a common example. Let’s say that a person has an inner ear infection that affects their Left inner ear system, and decreases responsiveness of the Left vestibular system (the balance part of the ear) to send information during head motions. When the person now moves their head, the left ear is sending less information than the healthy right ear. This difference in input to the brain being sent from the two ears can result in symptoms of dizziness, nausea, or unsteadiness. Ironically, some patients will avoid moving their head so that they don’t get dizzy, but movement is the only way for the brain to learn how to use the inner ear information again!
Vestibular Ocular Reflex exercises help the brain through this retraining process, because the exercise forces the brain to receive inner ear information and practice using it to keep the eyes on a fixed target. Patients start with slow head turns, keeping the eyes on a fixed target placed on the wall at eye level 4 feet away. They start in a seated position and move the head 20 degrees to each side in a back and forth head motion. They also do the exercise in an up and down head motion as if nodding “yes”. As they are able to do the exercise symptom free, we increase the duration of the exercise to 2 minutes.
The next step is to gradually increase the speed of the head motion. If you are doing the exercise correctly, your symptoms will decrease over the next few weeks. If you aren’t doing the exercise correctly, you may think the exercises don’t work! This is why working with a vestibular specialist is so important. If you are not improving, they can figure out what you are doing wrong and help you learn how to perform the exercise correctly, and hence, recover as much inner ear function as your body will allow.
Connoisseurs of Books (Knowledge is Power), by Nikolay Bogdanov-Belsky, 1920
My physical therapy practice in Sarasota, Florida, is devoted to helping people with balance and inner ear problems. So you may be wondering why I am writing about visual problems The reason is: vision is extremely important in maintaining good balance! We use our vision to understand where we are in space, and how to negotiate obstacles in our environment. As adults, we have an idea of what good vision is, and we are likely to notice if our vision changes. But what if the person we are talking about is a small child, maybe even an infant who may not be able to communicate or recognize that he/she is having a visual problem? This child, in addition to a visual problem, could also be experiencing a balance problem, because we know that good vision and good balance are closely connected.
I was lucky to be talking about this problem with my friend and associate Dr. Mohamad S. Jaafar. Dr. Jaafar is Professor of Ophthalmology and Pediatrics at the George Washington University, and Chief of the Division of Ophthalmology at the Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC. He is passionate about training young doctors to be experts in his field and is the Past-Director of Washington’s Pediatric Ophthalmology Fellowship Program, which is the oldest, largest, and most renowned such program in the world.
Dr. Jaafar and I want to help parents recognize visual problems in their children, so that they know when to seek help. Bear in mind that there is an association of eye diseases in some children who have hearing loss (such as retinal dystrophy, cataract and misalignment of the eyes). Dr. Jaafar was kind enough to provide this top 5 list, so that parents know what to look for if they suspect their child may have a visual problem.
TOP 5 Signs of Visual Problems in Children
1. Bumping into things or acting clumsy.
2. Always sitting close to the TV or holding books and I-pads too close to their face.
3. Crossed or wandering eyes.
4. Tilting or turning the head, or assuming a chin-up or chin-down posture (ocular torticollis).
5. Disliking having one eye covered but not the other (may indicate a “lazy eye” – amblyopia).
If your child is showing these signs, was born prematurely, has multiple health problems or a family history of eye diseases in childhood, it is a good idea to consult an eye doctor who is experienced in treating infants/children. Please remember, a TOP 5 list is not all inclusive. If you have questions about your child’s vision, go and see a specialist or ask your Pediatrician. Dr. Jaafar suggests that you could find a qualified doctor in your area by going to the following website: https://aaosso.aapos.org/ebusaapos/FindanEyeMD
Strangled by Growth, by Emily Carr 1931
Acoustic Neuromas are nerve sheath tumors surrounding the vestibular or cochlear nerves. The vestibular nerve is the balance nerve that goes from the inner ear to the brain. The cochlear nerve is the hearing nerve that goes from the cochlea to the brain. When the tumor grows, it can press on the nerves as they travel through a boney canal to reach the brain. This is how the tumor can damage a person’s balance and hearing. Also in this boney canal is the facial nerve. Damage to the facial nerve can result in facial paralysis.
At Equinox Physical Therapy, we specialize in treating people who have balance problems or facial paralysis as a result of acoustic neuromas. The majority of these patients come to see me following surgery, or radiation to the tumor. A few months ago, I had the pleasure of speaking to the members of the Acoustic Neuroma Association in Sarasota, Florida. They had the idea to videotape the talk for the members who were unable to attend the meeting. They were so pleased with the video, that they asked me if they could post it on their national website. The title of the talk was “The Vestibular System and How it is Affected by Acoustic Neuroma”. If you would like to learn more about this topic, you too can watch the video below.
The New Labyrinth with Black Holes by George Saru, 1996.
Last year I wrote an article for my blog about anxiety and inner ear problems based on the research by Dr. P. Ashley Wackym. It turns out that it has been one of my most frequently visited blog posts! Last October 2015, I saw Dr. Wackym again when we were both attending the 7th International Symposium on Meniere’s Disease and Inner Ear Problems in Rome, Italy. During our discussions, I learned of a recent research article of his that was published in the ENT Journal (Ear, Nose and Throat) that studied people with a type of inner ear problem called Superior Semi Circular Canal Dehiscence (SSCD). This is a condition where the bone between the inner ear system and the brain erodes causing symptoms of imbalance, headache, dizziness, tinnitus, cognitive dysfunction, nausea, subjective hearing loss, visual disturbance, aural fullness, objective hearing loss, hyperacusis, and vomiting.
Although I don’t usually post scientific articles on my blog because I want the information to be easy for the average lay person to understand, for those of you with SSCD, you may find the information interesting… If so, feel free to read Dr. Wackym’s research paper!
Do you like to learn by listening and watching? If so, you may enjoy coming to a free lecture that I am giving next week. The title of the talk is “Understanding and Treating Dizziness and Balance Disorders with Vestibular Rehabilitation”. I will be co lecturing with Dr. Jack Wazen, MD. Spaces are limited, so if you would like to attend, please register online here, or call 941-556-4219.
Hope to see you there!
It’s that time a year for the annual trip to the Christmas tree lot. When a person has Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), bending the head down, or tipping the head back, can trigger a vertigo spell. It goes without saying, that if you are standing on a ladder and reaching overhead to hang something on a tree, you definitely don’t want the world to spin!
So this is a tip for those with holiday cheer and vertigo, let someone else do the ladders, and the reaching overhead and bending over! If you have positional vertigo, aim for the ornaments in the middle of the tree where you can keep your head level. This way you won’t have to worry about triggering the vertigo, and potentially falling and getting hurt during the holiday session. Or, if you live alone, you could get a smaller tree this year that is 3 feet tall, and place it on a small table so that you can decorate it without having to tip you head back or bend over too much…
For those of you with balance problems or BPPV, give yourself the present you deserve, and go and see a trained vestibular specialist and get treated for your problem. That would be the best present of all!
Happy Holidays! - Dr. Laura Wazen, Equinox Physical Therapy 941-404-4567
LOCAL SUPPORT GROUP MEETING INVITATION
Please plan to join us at the next meeting of your local Acoustic Neuroma Support Group. We welcome you to learn about the latest treatment options,
network with other acoustic neuroma patients and find encouragement and support.
Saturday, November 7, 2015
1:00 – 3:30 p.m.
Fruitville Public Library - Meeting Room
100 Coburn Road
Sarasota, FL 34240
The Vestibular System and How it is Affected by Acoustic Neuroma
Presented by Dr. Laura J. Wazen, DPT
Equinox Physical Therapy
"Woman Tying Her Shoe", Painting by Pierre-August Renoir, 1918
Do the shoes you are wearing matter when you have a balance problem or a history of falling? The answer to this question is ABSOLUTELY!
I still remember the lady who came to see me for balance therapy in Sarasota, Florida with complaints of falling. She was wearing 5-inch stilettos that didn’t even have an ankle strap! Now I ask you, do you have to be a balance specialist to know that maybe this is not such a good idea?
So what is a good idea?
1. A FLAT shoe is the best, avoid shoes with a high heel if you can tolerate a flatter shoe.
2. A shoe with a flat WIDE HEEL is better than a small pointy heel. The wide heel provides a more stable foundation when shifting your weight.
3. NO FLIP FLOPS or SLIDE style shoes. These loose shoes can cause a trip and fall.
4. A shoe with a SNUG FIT around the HEEL is important.
5. STRAPS or LACES that tighten- Don’t just slide your feet in and out of your shoes. If they have Velcro straps or laces, use them to make your shoe secure. Ankle straps should fit snuggly.
6. For people with peripheral neuropathy, avoid shoes that are too cushioning as they decrease your already limited ability to feel the ground.
7. Make sure that your toes are comfortable in the shoe, as you use your toes to stabilize your balance.
Money Matters (Selected Part of Letters from Aunt Evelyn), conceptual art by Barton Lidice Benes, 1982.
This is an article that I thought I would never write. When I first started working as a physical therapist, I worked for a big hospital in Manhattan. I never had to think about insurance, because basically the hospital accepted every type of insurance there was! In fact, these were the days when there was no such thing as a co-payment. When co-pays did come along, for many years the hospital never attempted to collect the 5 to 10 dollars per visit. But that was 17 years ago, and a lot has changed now.
Things really started to change after Obama care. I not saying that I am either for or against Obama care, I am just saying that things are very different now. For example, in order to have insurance, many families are choosing insurance where the deductible is 5 to 6 thousand dollars per year! This means that the patient has to pay the first 5 or 6 thousand dollars in medical services, thus meeting their deductible, before their physical therapy services are covered. In addition, the person usually has a co-pay required at each physical therapy session, which can be as high as 50 to 75 dollars per visit with some plans. Take the time to consider these factors when choosing your insurance needs.
At Equinox Physical Therapy, we check a patient’s insurance benefits before they even arrive for their first visit. I am a standard Medicare Part B provider for out-patient physical therapy services. That means that I accept standard Medicare Part B because I am committed to treating people over 65 years of age who have balance problems, dizziness, vertigo, falls, inner ear problems, concussion, or facial paralysis. I don’t want my Medicare patients to fall and break a hip, when I know that I can help them to enjoy their retirement in sunny Sarasota, Florida, and live a long and healthy life! Medicare pays 80% for out patient physical therapy services, and most people have a secondary insurance that covers all or part of the remaining 20% of the bill.
As far as other types of insurance, I see patients who do not have Medicare, but some other type of insurance, and in these cases I am classified as an “out-of-network” physical therapy provider. Because I am not a major hospital, I cannot accept every insurance under the sun, because it would be too much for my small practice to manage.
Why would someone come to me, an out-of-network provider, when they could see someone in-network instead? That should be your next question. The reasons are probably many. When I see a private insurance patient, they pay me, and then I give them the papers they need to submit their physical therapy bills to their insurance company. Then, their insurance company will reimburse the patient directly for whatever their out-of-network physical therapy benefits are. The patient calls their insurance company to verify their benefits before they even step inside my door. They know exactly the percentage that their insurance company will reimburse them, and the percentage that they will have to pay of the remaining bill.
Again, why would someone come to me instead of going to his or her “in-network” provider? For one thing, many of these patients have BPPV, a condition that causes vertigo and seriously interferes with their ability to work, or function properly. With this condition, it usually goes away if treated properly in 2-6 sessions. So, it is not such a big expense to come see me. If they have a big deductible, they will have to pay either way. At least if they come to see me, they know they are being seen by someone who treats this problem 3-4 times a day, as opposed to someone who has little experience, or only treats this problem occasionally. For patients with conditions that take longer to treat, they come to me because they know that their chances of having a good outcome are enhanced if they have the best possible therapist that their money can buy, because again, they still have to pay the large deductible either way. Other patients come to me because I am a specialist in treating inner ear disorders, concussion, falls, dizziness, and facial paralysis, and their “in-network” therapists are not.
Another point to consider is the co-payment. Because I am out of network, I do not collect a co-payment. For those patients whose co-payments are 50 to 75 dollars per visit, the difference between their co-payment and what they have to pay me may be the same, or not much more.
If you are considering going out of network for your out-patient physical therapy services, here are a list a questions that you should ask your insurance company to help you decide if going out of network is right for you or your loved one. One thing to remember is that you, the patient, have the right to receive services from any physical therapist you choose.
TOP 4 QUESTIONS REGARDING OUT-OF-NETWORK PHYSICAL THERAPY BENEFITS
1. Do I have out-of-network physical therapy benefits? If not, what does that mean?
2. Am I eligible to receive direct reimbursement from the insurance company for my physical therapy visits?
3. What percentage of the money I paid at my physical therapy visit will you, the insurance company, reimburse?
4. Do I have an out-of-network deductible to meet first?
Artwork: Here is a Sign by Forrest Best, 1970
How do you know if you or someone you love, such as an elderly parent, may need balance therapy? Below are 5 signs that balance therapy could be right for you. If it is, contact a physical therapist that specializes in balance therapy so that you can improve your health and decrease your risk of falling.
The bottom line is we want you around for a long time! A fall could cause an injury that would jeopardize your livelihood, and your functional independence. For those older folks, it could mean the difference between living independently on your own, or having to go to a nursing home- so take it seriously!
5 signs that a Person needs Balance Therapy:
1. Any fall that created a serious injury in the last 12 months.
2. Two or more falls without injury in the last 12 months.
3. Needing more that 1 attempt to rise from a chair.
4. Walking touching the walls & furniture for support.
5. Having a fear of falling is a significant risk factor for falls.
If you answered “yes” to any of these 5 signs, don’t wait to do something about it. Find a qualified vestibular specialist who can help you improve your balance. You can use these web sites to look for vestibular specialists in your area.
1. The Vestibular Disorders Association website
2. The American Physical Therapy Association Neurology section has a Vestibular Rehabilitation Section where you can search for vestibular specialists state by state.
Be empowered. Balance therapy CAN change your life!
Prospective Chromatique, Abstract art by Martha Boto 1972
Several years ago I was working at a hospital in Manhattan, and I was trying to get a patient out of bed. They didn’t want to get up, or do their exercises, even though that was what they needed to do to get better. I remember the patient, because I was working on the open heart surgery floor at the time. The patient got really mad, and demanded to know how I could I possibly help them, because I had not had open heart surgery and therefore didn’t know what they were going through.
Thank goodness for all the physical therapists, doctors, and nurses in this world that we do not need to have every disorder there is under the sun before we can help patients! Yet, I understand how the patient feels at the same time. Sometimes it is comforting to know that you are not the only one who knows what it feels like to have a condition. My vertigo patients sometimes ask if I have had vertigo. Luckily, I have not, but I work with people who have vertigo every day. One of my patients offered to tell her story of how vertigo and BPPV was affecting her life. I hope her story helps those of you out there who do not know someone with vertigo, and that it gives you comfort that you are not alone, and that there is hope that things can get better.
Flying People by Karel Appel, 1971
From a medical terminology stand point, vertigo is the sensation that the world is spinning around you, or that the world is still and you are spinning. But what’s it really like?
From a personal standpoint, everyone experiences vertigo differently. I have had many patients who seem to have a mild case, and find it to be mainly an annoyance. In the case of BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo), there are some patients who only experience the spinning when getting in and out of bed, and since the spinning only lasts less than a minute, the person finds it to be more of a nuisance than anything else.
I have also had patients who complain of dizziness and imbalance only (not a spinning sensation), and then when I test them for BPPV it turns out they have BPPV after all. There have even been times when the nystagmus (spinning of the eyes) is extremely strong, and the patient denies feeling dizziness or spinning at all!
On the other hand, I have some BPPV patients who have an incredibly strong case of BPPV, and the vertigo sensation feels incredibly violent and awful. Sometimes it causes nausea, and can be very frightening. One of my new BPPV patients last week had such a strong sensation of spinning that she said she would rather get her other hip replaced than have to have vertigo again. She felt like she could control her pain with a hip replacement, but she couldn’t control her vertigo.
I have also had BPPV patients who are so afraid of their vertigo, that they don’t want to do the repositioning maneuver because they might feel the spinning again. Of course, this is not a logical or viable option, because if they don’t get treated they are very likely to have continued vertigo, but if they do get treated they are very likely to make the vertigo stop. What would you choose? So far, no one has refused treatment once they really understand that this is their best alternative.
Luckily for those with BPPV, the vertigo only lasts for seconds. And again, luckily for BPPV, most people respond to the repositioning maneuvers, and we are able to stop their vertigo.
Painting: Le golf by Emilio Grau Sala, 1961
BPPV hit the international stage this last week at the 2015 US Open Golf Tournament in Chambers Bay when Australian golfer Jason Day suffered an attack of vertigo and fell to the ground. It’s not every day that people all over the world are talking about and witnessing the debilitating effects of a vertigo attack...
I have been surfing the net, looking at the video footage, and listening to and reading the various commentaries that people are posting. The bottom line is that BPPV is a real drag, and it is horrible in general, but especially difficult if you are trying to play golf. Why do I say that? It is because we know that head or body motions trigger BPPV. The crystals in the inner ear become out of place, and when we bend over, tip our head down or back, or turn quickly, it can trigger the vertigo. Needless to say, it is pretty difficult to play golf without bending over or turning your head quickly, not to mention playing championship level golf and competing with people who are not having this problem.
The good news is that BPPV can be treated! Living in South Florida, I treat a lot of golfers who have this condition. All they want is for the vertigo to go away so that they can get back on the golf course. My BPPV patients in Sarasota, Florida couldn’t stop talking about Jason Day, because they knew how he felt, and hoped that this international exposure of the condition might help others understand what they are going through.
The most common treatment for BPPV is a repositioning maneuver where the head is moved in a certain way in order to put the crystals back in the part of the ear where they belong so that the person no longer has vertigo. There are several treatments that will do this, including the Epley Maneuver, Semont Maneuver, or the Foster Maneuver. These 3 treatments are for the Posterior canal. (The inner ear has 3 canals and each canal requires a different treatment). If maneuvers do not work, there is a surgery to occlude the canal where the crystals are floating, but this surgery is only done in the worst of cases and for very few people since most people respond to the repositioning maneuvers. Also, sometimes BPPV goes away on it’s own.
If you are having vertigo, you need the proper diagnosis in order to get the proper cure. Some of the people who were commenting on the Internet were talking about other causes of vertigo, such as Meniere’s Disease, and offering advice on what they do to control their vertigo. The treatments for BPPV and Meniere’s Disease are completely different, and what works to help Meniere’s Disease does not work to treat BPPV (and vice versa). I would recommend that if you are having vertigo, do not take antidotal advise from a layman with no medical training. Go and see an Otologist (an ENT physician who specializes in treating inner ear problems), or a vestibular therapist (a physical therapist who specializes in treating inner ear problems) who can test you for this problem and get down to business in helping you find the correct answer to your problem.
A former patient recently came back to see me due to an article he received from the Harvard Health Letter. I thought it was a good article, and wanted to share it with you. Maybe you, or your parent, or loved one, need to think about how using a rolling walker could improve safety and independence. An evaluation by a physical therapist would help in determining if you could benefit from balance therapy, and if using a rolling walker is a good idea. In the case of my patient, he was so happy with the walker because now he is able to walk without assistance of another person, and he can walk for much longer distances than he ever could with his cane alone.
Click here to read the article.
Painting by Edvard Munch, 1943: Self-portrait. Between the Clock and the Bed.
When you live in one part of the country, and your elderly parents live in another, it can cause a lot of concern and worry -especially if your parent starts to have issues with falling. In the last blog, I wrote about fall alert buttons. This is a good idea, but it only helps after the fact, that is, after the person has fallen. This week, I would like to write about 6 simple things that you can change in the home that would lessen the chances of a fall happening in the first place.
1. Remove all throw rugs, these are just things to trip on.
2. Install good lighting in darkened entrances, hallways, and staircases.
3. Install sturdy grab bars in the shower and bath areas.
4. Use night-lights, especially from the bed to the bathroom.
5. Install a banister or railing anywhere there are stairs or steps.
6. Have a phone on the bedside table, so no one needs to run to answer the
phone when half awake.
Hopefully, these simple fall prevention ideas will help your loved one to be safe at home. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure! If your parent needs more help, or is falling despite already having a safe home environment, then they need to go and see a physical therapist who specializes in balance training and fall prevention in the elderly. The therapist will evaluate your parent, and then design an individualized treatment plan to address their specific balance needs.
Who can forget the commercial when fall alert buttons first came out,where the individual is lying on the floor and yells out “HELP! HELP! I’ve fallen and I can’t get up!” I do not want to make light of the situation, because being in such a vulnerable situation is awful. I know, because I once dislocated my kneecap when playing with my dog in the front yard. I didn’t have my cell phone, and I was on the only one home at the time, and I had to lie there for a half hour before some stranger walked by who could get me the help I needed.
Many times when an older person lives alone and has started to have some falls, the kids who lives out of state starts trying to get their mom or dad to get a fall alert button. It is hopefully a back up plan that they will never need to use.
When the emergency call buttons first came out, they worked through your phone. Back in the day, this was what we now call your “land line”. It meant that you had to be within 200-300 feet of the phone in order for it to work. You can still get this kind today, but I don’t recommend them. When one patient of mine from Sarasota, Florida, fell in her yard when gardening, she was too far away from the phone for it to work.
These days, there are fall alert devices that work via GPS. That means you could be anywhere, push the button, and they would find you! One of my “snow bird” patients who went back up to Maine for the summer pushed the button just to see if they would answer, and they did!
Another one of my patients fell when stepping off the curb on the way home from the theatre one night. He is a huge 6-foot tall 250 lb man, with an itsy, bitsy wife, and she was not able to help him up. All she had to do was push the button, and the paramedics knew where to find him. She didn’t have to figure out what address she was at, fiddle in her purse to find her cell phone, or risk hurting herself trying to help him up. She just had to push the button that was hanging around his neck.
So the gist of the message is that even fall alert devices are using GPS technology, and you might as well take advantage of good technology that could really save your life. The best way to compare the different plans is to do a Google search for “GPS Fall Alert Buttons”, and check out what comes up.
Painting: The Fall of Icarus- Marc Chagall, 1975.
Peripheral neuropathy is a condition of the nervous system that causes numbness, tingling, pins and needles sensation, or complaints of pain in the arms and legs. The pattern of the altered sensation starts in the toes or fingertips. If the condition worsens, this feeling gradually climbs up the foot or hand, as if you are putting on a stocking or a glove. In the legs, the condition can go above the ankle, but for most of the patients I have met, it has been less common for it to travel above the knee. This problem can occur when a person has diabetes, or it can occur without any history of diabetes.
Sometimes people have it off and on. Others say that they only notice it at night when they are lying in bed. Others have these altered sensations constantly. Some people say their symptoms are mild, and they basically ignore it, while others have severe symptoms that can be annoying, painful, or debilitating.
If the peripheral neuropathy is severe, it can affect one’s balance. This seems to be the case if a person has peripheral neuropathy, in addition to other problems such as visual or inner ear disorders. The reason for this is that the sensation that we have in our feet sends messages to the brain that tells our brain how we are shifting our weight. Our brain uses this information, in addition to the information it gets from the inner ear balance system and the visual system, to tell our joints and muscles what to do to maintain our balance. Usually our brains can compensate when one of these systems is sending poor information, but it is very tough to balance when two or more of these systems are not sending good information (for example, a person has peripheral neuropathy in addition to an inner ear problem and/or a visual problem).
Medical treatments to decrease the pain and discomfort of peripheral neuropathy need to be discussed with a physician.
Treatments to decrease the imbalance caused by peripheral neuropathy need to be addressed with a physical therapist that specializes in treating complex balance problems. I would recommend a vestibular specialist.
With many of my physical therapy balance patients in Sarasota, Florida, as we work together to evaluate their peripheral neuropathy further, we come to recognize that even though the sensation in the feet is altered, the brain has the ability to re-learn how to use the information even though it is not how it used to be, or “normal”. When the peripheral neuropathy is so severe that the person cannot feel the ground at all, compensations such as walking with trekking poles or a cane can make a big difference, because then the person can learn how to substitute feeling the ground with the cane for the missing sensation in their feet.
If you are having problems like these, there are things that can be done to help.
Painting: The Black Stocking by Felix Vallotton, 1904
BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo) is the most common type of inner ear problem, comprising approximately 25% of all inner ear problems. It is caused when crystals in the ear that are supposed to sit on top of the nerve fibers in a jelly like matrix, become loose and start floating in the semi-circular canals of the ear. When this happens, the person can experience a spinning sensation (vertigo) that lasts for seconds and is triggered by changes in head or body position. For instance, it happens when getting in/out of bed, bending over, or tipping your head back.
In answer to the question, “Can people have BPPV in both ears?” the answer is YES. About 40% of people can have it in both ears at the same time. The good news is that if the condition does not go away on its own, it can be treated with maneuvers to guide the crystals back into the part of the ear where they belong.
If you think you have BPPV, I encourage you to find a qualified doctor or physical therapist, who can test to see if BPPV is your problem, and if it is in one ear or both ears. The proper testing leads to the proper treatment, and to the proper cure…
Painting entitled, A Serious Question, by Sergey Solomko
This is a condition that causes dizziness when a person changes position, for example when getting out of bed in the morning, or when standing up from a chair.
I test for this condition with my physical therapy patients in Sarasota, Florida who complain of dizziness when changing positions, because not all dizziness is caused by inner ear problems! The symptoms of orthostatic hypotension are similar in some ways to an inner ear condition called Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo that can also cause dizziness with positional changes, however, the treatments for these two problems are very different.
What happens with orthostatic hypotension?
Orthostatic hypotension is not an inner ear problem. It is caused by dropping blood pressure. When the person sits up, or stands up, the blood drops from their head, and until the body readjusts, the person feels lightheaded and dizzy. If the body doesn’t adjust fast enough, the person could pass out.
What are some factors that could cause orthostatic hypotension?
Low sodium in the body
Poor vascular circulation in the legs
Over medication with cardiac meds meant to control high blood pressure
How is it tested?
The person’s blood pressure is taken first when lying on their back in bed.
Then the blood pressure is taken when they first sit up at the edge of the bed.
Then the blood pressure is taken when they first stand up.
If the blood pressure drops more than 20 mm Hg from one position to the next, then the test is positive.
What can be done to correct orthostatic hypotension?
• A physician should review your medications, especially if you are taking cardiac medications, as they may need to be held or adjusted.
• Sometimes this condition is caused by dehydration, so drinking water is very important!
• Sometimes patients are deficient in sodium, and their body is not retaining the fluids it needs to have good fluid volume.
• Sometimes the vascular vessels in the legs loose their elasticity, and wearing compression stockings can help prevent this shift of blood to the legs when changing positions.
Speak to your physician if you suspect orthostatic hypotension could be causing your dizziness. This is a problem that can usually be corrected.
Painting: Getting Up, by Berthe Morisot 1886